It is a Debian-based Linux distribution that aims to protect privacy and anonymity where all incoming and outgoing connections are forced through Tor and all non-anonymous connections are blocked.
Usually good programs and various anonymity services use, along with encryption methods and anonymous servers. The anonymous servers redirect the path of our IP and at the same time encrypt it, in simpler words they undertake to replace the communication of our computer by communicating with the internet world with their own IP but keeping ours secret.
But at this point we should point out the following: When using a computer, there is no magic or perfect solution to such a complex problem. Properly understanding the limitations of these tools is a critical step in deciding firstly whether Tails is the right tool for you and secondly, Tor offers a fairly good level of anonymity but it is also subject to some limitations and may be ineffective under certain conditions.
So, along with Tor, make sure you're using secure encrypted HTTPS connections. Tor handles the routing of user traffic with the goal of anonymity and nothing else.
So if the user's system is already infected with viruses or riddled with malware like keyloggers then Tor is of no help. Equally risky is the use of computers that we do not know or control, such as those in internet cafes. But since the MAC address of each network card is unique, in an environment where the user uses Tails, the MAC address can threaten his anonymity.
First of all we will download the latest version of Tails, the version for use on USB sticks ( here) and immediately after we download the software balenaetcher which will help us write on our sticker the image we just downloaded. The way is simple, after inserting your stick into a USB port run it balenaEtcher, select the file you just downloaded and press Flash to start the recording.
Select a language and press start Tails.
Select the network to connect to and enter the password to connect.
After entering the password, we wait a while until a message appears that we can use Tor, from there we are ready to browse the internet anonymously.
To maximize our anonymity and privacy these settings are lost every time we reboot however we can specify whether we want an encrypted volume where our passwords, favorites, documents and other information will be stored so that when we start do not have to type them again. To do this, follow the instructions in the photo below and restart.
Now, at startup, enter the code you entered for the encrypted volume so that you can unlock it and enter your settings.
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